Bhawani S. Chowdhry
|Title||Moving Towards Smart Cities: Initiatives and Challenges|
The ongoing trend of urbanization in the world is predicted to put burden on the existing cities. The promise of a better life and more opportunities is luring people from rural areas to cities by the millions so much so that WHO reports that 60% of the global population will live in cities by 2030. To put it in to context, cities worldwide will account for 90% of global population growth, 80% of total wealth creation, and 60% of total energy consumption as predicted by MIT’s City Science. With sensor technologies developing in leaps and bounds and communication system infrastructure becoming more dynamic, an IT based solution to the current population migration is the introduction of Smart cities. The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) puts the Smart City concept as: “A smart city brings together technology, government and society to enable the following characteristics: smart cities, a smart economy, smart mobility, a smart environment, smart people, smart living, smart governance”. Therefore a Smart City encompasses technologies across all domains of society to enable a coherent and effective system of living. The components which make a city “Smart” are not fixed, in fact, the technological solutions that make a city smart are very much requirement dependent and a solution that works in one case may not be suitable for another. This presentation touches the basic idea of smart cities, detailing the technologies that serve as the enabler of the Smart City phenomenon while putting in to focus the resulting job opportunities for IT graduates. Furthermore, it also presents current initiatives that are ongoing across the world to highlight the diversified approaches to tackle the problems that modern cities face. Lastly, we point out the challenges that communities, councils and academics are facing in the implementation of the Smart City concept.
PROFESSOR DR BS CHOWDHRY is the Dean Faculty of Electrical Electronics and Computer Engineering and former Director IICT at Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan. He has the honour of being one of the editor of several books “Wireless Networks, Information Processing and Systems”, CCIS 20, “Emerging Trends and Applications in Information Communication Technologies”, CCIS 281, “Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries”, CCIS 366, “Communication Technologies, Information Security and Sustainable Development”, CCIS 414, published by Springer Verlag, Germany. He has also been serving as a Guest Editor for “Wireless Personal Communications” which is Springer International Journal. He has produced more than 13 PhDs and supervised more than 50 MPhil/Masters Thesis in the area of ICT. His list of research publication crosses to over 60 in national and international journals, IEEE and ACM proceedings. Also, he has Chaired Technical Sessions in USA, UK, China, UAE, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, Pakistan, Denmark, and Belgium. He is member of various professional bodies including: Chairman IEEE Karachi Section, Region10 Asia/Pacific, Fellow IEP, Fellow IEEEP, Senior Member, IEEE Inc. (USA), SM ACM Inc. (USA). He is lead person at MUET of several EU funded Erasmus Mundus Program including “Mobility for Life”, “StrongTies”, “INTACT”, and “LEADERS”. He has organized several International Conferences including “IMTIC08”, “IMTIC12”, “IMTIC13”, “IMTIC15”, “WSN4DC13”, “IEEE SCONEST”, “IEEE PSGWC13”, and track chair in “Global Wireless Summit (GWS 2014).